Water and sanitation are fundamental to human development and well-being. They are not just goals in their own right but also critical to the achievement of other development objectives such as adequate nutrition, gender equality, education and the eradication of poverty. Access to safe water and sanitation is also a human right, as recognized in 2010 by the United Nations General Assembly Adequate drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene are all essential ingredients to ensure human health. The same is true for proper wastewater management, which is a basic prerequisite for environmental health. Improving upon these services will bring economic gains while also helping to build resilience given increasing climate variability
Need for WASH:
Clean water, basic toilets and good hygiene practices are essential for the survival and development of children. According to UNICEF Today, there are around 2.4 billion people who do not use improved sanitation, and 663 million who do not have access to improved water sources (JMP-2015)
Without these basic needs, the lives of millions of children are at risk. For children under five, water- and sanitation-related diseases are one of the leading causes of death. Every day, over 800 children die from preventable diseases caused by poor water, and a lack of sanitation and hygiene.
According to UNICEF an estimated 801,000 children younger than 5 years of age perish from diarrhea each year, mostly in developing countries. This amounts to 11% of the 7.6 million deaths of children under the age of five and means that about 2,200 children are dying every day as a result of diarrheal diseases
Water- in 2015 it is estimated that 663 million people lack access to an improved source of drinking water and in which 134 million peoples are located in South Asia. (JMP-2015)
Sanitation – in 2015 it is estimated that 2.4 billion people globally still use un-improved sanitation facilities, and major part 953 million people located in South Asia. (JMP-2015)
Water- According to IMF 2015, 16 million people in Pakistan have no choice but to collect un-safe water from un-safe sources. As per the research of PCRWR (Pakistan Council of research in water resources) an average 84% to 89% of water supplied is un-safe. According to the “Alif Ailaan” study 1 out of every 3 schools have no drinking water facilities available in Pakistan.
Sanitation- According to W.H.O Study of 2015 estimated 25 million people defecate in the open. WaterAid findings shows that Pakistan placed Rank 9th in the top ten countries with most people defecating in the open per square km with the ration of 32 people per square km, whereas Ranks 6th among the top ten countries with longest queues for toilets. As for as the education facilities are concern according to the “Alif Ailaan” study 2 out of every 5 schools are missing a toilet.
Hygiene- According to W.H.O and UNICEF 2015 Study estimated 46% of the population doesn’t have a hand washing facility at home with Soap and Water (56% rural and 26% urban). Pakistan paper on SACOSAN shows that 23% of household have garbage collection system (6% Private and 17% Municipality). Moreover, 57% (9% privately, 48% Municipality) of households in urban areas have a garbage collection system collection and 6% (4% privately, 2% Municipality) households in rural areas have garbage collection system.
Criticality of unsafe WASH services:
According to W.H.O Study 88% of diarrheal diseases are attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. In Pakistan, every year 39,000 children under the age of five die due to diarrhea.
- To provide safe, secure and protected clean drinking water facilities to vulnerable communities.
- To provide sustainable sanitation solutions at household level
- To provide safe, secure and protected WASH facilities at public and communal places
- To promote sustainable hygiene behavior in schools and communities
- Influencing, lobbying and advocacy around WASH interventions with govt. institutions
- To capacitate individual’s, communities and govt. line departments around WASH interventions
Cross cutting Themes:
- Gender mainstreaming
- Equity & Inclusion
- Disaster Risk Reduction
- Menstrual hygiene management
Muslim Aid WASH interventions:
Muslim Aid is engaged in WASH activities and providing access to clean drinking water, sanitation and hygiene promotion.
WASH projects Implemented in Pakistan by Muslim Aid:
Clean Drinking Water Project
South Asia WASH Result Program
WASH In School
Sanitation Program at Scale in Pakistan (SPSP-I), D.G. Khan
Sanitation Program at Scale in Pakistan (SPSP-II), Rajanpur
Provision of WASH Services in the Areas of Return, Bara, Khyber Agency
Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
WASH equity and inclusion aspect of MuslimAid:
Layout Plan of Hand washing facility